I'm available to deliver your SaaS MVP in a few weeks, full-stack with the new Next.js App Router. Accelerate Your MVP Launch Now.

How to set up your Mac for software development

Learn how to install Homebrew, Git, Node.js, Oh My Zsh, generate SSH keys, and more.

Flavio Silva
Flavio SilvaJune 28, 2023
How to set up your Mac for software development
Image by Freepik

Introduction

In this post, you'll find a list of the most popular Code Editors and links with step-by-step guides on how to install Homebrew, Git, Node.js, Oh My Zsh, how to generate and use SSH keys, and more.

Setting up your Mac for software development

There are many ways to set up a Mac for software development. Some experienced developers install and set up everything on their machines automatically using all sorts of scripts. And that's awesome if you ask me.

I've been keeping it as simple as possible, as I don't use that many tools, and it takes me a few years to set up a Mac from scratch.

Installing and setting up everything manually will refresh my knowledge and ensure I still need what I used on my previous Mac. That way, I can have a fresh start, feeling natural to discard or replace some tools I don't need any more while making it easy to tweak their installations and configurations as necessary.

General software development tools

The following tools are useful for virtually any software developer using a Mac.

1. Code Editor

That's a no-brainer if you have any software development experience. But if you don't, you'll have to choose what editor you like more. It could take a few shots until you decide which one you prefer.

I've created a list of the most popular code editors and IDEs, along with the programming languages they are most suitable for.

Visual Studio Code

Great for: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, TypeScript, Python, PHP, and more.

Microsoft's Visual Studio Code is the most popular code editor in the world.

I've been using it for several years, and I like it a lot. It supports many plugins and extensions, making it suitable for dozens of programming languages and platforms.

Vim and Neovim

Great for: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, TypeScript, Python, and more.

Vim is a free and open-source code editor with exceptional features, including its famous Command Mode, where you type commands as shortcuts to edit your code. But it has a steeper learning curve and is more popular on Linux.

Neovim is built on top of Vim and is seen as an improvement.

Xcode

Great for: Swift and Objective-C for developing apps for the Apple ecosystem.

Apple's Xcode is the the-facto IDE for Mac developers working with the Apple ecosystem. If you plan to develop native macOS, iOS, watchOS, or TvOS apps, you'll use it.

IntelliJ IDEA

Great for: Java, Kotlin, Scala, and Android apps.

JetBrains's IntelliJ IDEA is one of the most popular IDEs for Java and Android software development. It's been highly regarded for decades, and Google has built Android Studio on top of it, specially tailored for Android software development.

Android Studio

Great for: Android development with Java and Kotlin.

Google's Android Studio is the official IDE for Android software development, built on top of IntelliJ IDEA. If you plan to develop Android apps, this is where you should start.

PyCharm

Great for: Python.

JetBrains's PyCharm is one of the most popular IDEs for Python software development, and it's also built on top of IntelliJ IDEA.

Visual Studio

Great for: .NET, C#, and C++ for developing apps for the Windows ecosystem.

Microsoft's Visual Studio is the the-facto IDE for Windows developers working with the .NET platform. It's like Apple's Xcode but for Windows. It does include a native macOS version.

2. Command Line Developer Tools

Note: If you know you will install Xcode, you can skip this step since the Command Line Developer Tools is installed when you install Xcode. But if you're not sure you need Xcode, you can install the tools, as Xcode is a lot heavier to download and install (7+GB), while the tools are lightweight.

Installing the Command Line Developer Tools is the first thing you must do to start setting up your Mac for software development.

It enhances the development capabilities of your Mac by providing a robust set of development tools, including compilers, debugging tools, and other essential components necessary for building and maintaining software applications.

Head to my guide on How to install Command Line Developer Tools on macOS.

3. Homebrew

Homebrew is a popular package manager for macOS that simplifies the installation and management of software packages and libraries. It allows users to easily install, update, and uninstall a wide range of command-line tools and applications from a vast repository of packages.

Head to my guide on How to install and use Homebrew on macOS.

4. Git

Git is a distributed version control system widely used in software development to track changes made to source code files. GitHub and BitBucket are services built on top of Git.

When you install the Command Line Developer Tools, you get Git as part of the package. But it's more complicated to keep that installation updated. That's why we install a new version of Git with Homebrew that's easy to update.

Head to my guide on How to install Git with Homebrew on macOS.

If you're new to Git, head to my Introduction to Git. You can check all my posts about Git here.

5. Zsh (no need to install anymore 🤙)

We no longer need to install Zsh, as it is the default Shell app starting from macOS Catalina (2019)! 🎉 Bye-bye, Bash.

Zsh, short for Z shell, is a powerful and enjoyable Unix command-line shell. It is an alternative to Bash and incorporates advanced command-line editing capabilities, including tab completion, spelling correction, and syntax highlighting, which enhance productivity and ease of use.

Zsh also supports advanced scripting features and compatibility with existing Bash scripts and can be customized with third-party plugins and themes.

That has fostered a thriving ecosystem, but with it comes the challenge of selecting and configuring from many features and plugins. That's why we're taking the next step to make it easier to customize Zsh. 👇

6. Antigen and Oh My Zsh

Even though Zsh is great, it doesn't offer a plugin management system to easily add, update, and remove third-party plugins.

Antigen is a plugin manager for Zsh. It simplifies managing Zsh plugins by providing a straightforward configuration format that lets users specify the plugins they want to use.

In addition, Antigen handles downloading, updating, and loading those plugins, making it convenient to enhance Zsh with additional features and customization options.

We'll install Oh My Zsh as an Antigen plugin.

Now, you might be thinking, why do I need Oh My Zsh if I have Antigen? And that's a great question I had myself.

Antigen makes it very easy to manage dozens of plugins for Zsh, but how do we browse and curate all the plugins out there? That's a gap that Oh My Zsh fills amazingly well.

Oh My Zsh is a very popular framework for managing your Zsh configurations and a hub for more than 300 plugins and 150 syntax highlighting themes that we can easily install. That makes browsing and managing different plugins a lot easier.

Antigen and Oh My Zsh is a perfect match to give you the power to customize Zsh to your needs quickly and easily.

Head to my guide on How to install and use Antigen and Oh My Zsh on macOS.

7. SSH keys

SSH keys allow secure passwordless authentication and offer several advantages over traditional password-based authentication. You can use them with GitHub and any other services supporting SSH.

Head to my guide on How to generate and use SSH keys on macOS.

8. Sign Git commits with SSH keys

A signed Git commit is a commit that includes a cryptographic signature created using a GPG or SSH key.

When we sign a Git commit, we verify that a trusted person or entity created it. If someone alters a signed commit, the signature is invalidated, indicating it has been tampered with.

Head to my guide on How to sign Git commits with SSH keys on macOS.

Technology and language-specific tools

The following are only a few technology and language-specific tools you might or might not need, depending on your work.

I'll try to keep this post updated and include more tools as I find the time to write about them.

Node.js

Node.js has become one of the world's most used web development tools.

It powers back-end tools like Express, Nest, Koa, and many more.

And it also powers front-end tools like Next.js, Remix.run, Angular, Nuxt, and many more.

When you work with Node on several projects, whether front-end or back-end or a mix of both, they'll rarely use the same Node version, so you need a way to run project-based Node versions effortlessly. And to do that, you need a tool to manage Node versions, as Node itself cannot do that.

That's what nvm does, and it's the way I recommend you handle it.

Head to my guide on How to install and run Node.js with nvm on macOS.

Head to my Introduction to Node.js if you want to know more about it.

Conclusion

And that's it for this guide. I hope you enjoyed it!

Thank you for reading, and let me know in the comments below what tools you're using and which ones you would like me to include in this guide.




I incorporated generative AI tools into my workflow, and I love them. But I use them carefully to brainstorm, research information faster, and express myself clearly. It's not copied and pasted in any possible way.



How to set up your Mac for software development by Flavio Silva is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Leave a comment using your GitHub account

© 2024 Flavio Silva